Spain, Ireland and Norway have recognized Palestinian statehood. Where does Europe stand on the issue? | CNN (2024)

Spain, Ireland and Norway have recognized Palestinian statehood. Where does Europe stand on the issue? | CNN (1)

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Recognizing Palestinian statehood: The Irish PM explains his groundbreaking policy shift

05:20 - Source: CNN

CNN

Spain, Ireland and Norway formally recognized Palestinian statehood on Tuesday, cementing a joint move that further isolates Israel over its war against Hamas in Gaza.

Irish Prime Minister Simon Harris said his country made the decision, which was strongly condemned by Israel, “to keep the miracle of peace alive.”

The nations had announced they would take this step last week, but on Tuesday their respective governments simultaneously approved the declaration, meaning it has now officially come into effect.

The move also highlights just how split Europe is on whether to recognize Palestinian statehood.

A majority of countries around the world do so, and reaffirmed that stance this month in a United Nations resolution in support of Palestinian membership that passed with the support of 143 nations.

Among them were many European states. But it is difficult to be truly definitive about how many countries view the issue; some former Eastern bloc countries, for example, recognized Palestinian statehood decades ago while under Soviet rule, but have since distanced themselves from that stance as independent countries.

Spain, Ireland and Norway

The move by these three countries to recognize Palestinian statehood in tandem sent an impactful message to Israel, and other Western states.

Harris said in a statement on Tuesday that Ireland “had wanted to recognise Palestine at the end of a peace process,” but ultimately “made this move alongside Spain and Norway to keep the miracle of peace alive” – underlining how the joint declaration gave each nation some level of cover, and may have accelerated the process.

“I again call on Prime Minister Netanyahu of Israel to listen to the world and stop the humanitarian catastrophe we are seeing in Gaza,” Harris said.

“It is regrettable that the Israeli government shows no signs of engaging constructively,” the Norwegian Foreign Minister Espen Barth Eide added as his country formalized the move on Tuesday. “The international community must increase its political and economic support for Palestine and continue the work for a two-state solution.”

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Spain's foreign minister: Recognizing Palestine is the best way to foster Middle East peace

12:19 - Source: CNN

In Madrid, Prime Minister Pedro Sánchez said in a nationally televised address that Spain would join “more than 140 countries that already recognize Palestine” and that it “is the only way to realize the solution that we all recognize as the only possible one to achieve a future of peace: that of a Palestinian state that coexists alongside the state of Israel in peace and security.”

But all three countries have received a furious response from Israel since announcing their decision last week.

Israeli Foreign Minister Israel Katz ordered the immediate recall of its ambassadors to the trio, and said in a statement: “I am sending a clear message today – Israel will not hold back against those who undermine its sovereignty and endanger its security.”

“After the terrorist organization Hamas carried out the largest massacre of Jews since the Holocaust, after it committed the most horrific sex crimes the world has seen, these countries chose to give a reward to Hamas and Iran and recognize a Palestinian state,” Katz added.

Western Europe

In 2014, Sweden became the first major Western European nation to recognize Palestinian statehood.

Swedish Foreign Minister Margot Wallstrom said the decision was made because it “met the criteria of international law.”

Israel legal team, with Yaron Wax, Malcolm Shaw and Avigail Frisch Ben Avraham, from left, wait for judges to enter the International Court of Justice, or World Court, in The Hague, Netherlands, Friday, May 24, 2024, where the top United Nations court was to rule on an urgent plea by South Africa for judges to order Israel to halt its military operations in Gaza and withdraw from the enclave. (AP Photo/Peter Dejong) Peter Dejong/AP Related article Israel faces unprecedented challenges as legal and diplomatic pressure mounts

“In the light of the international law analysis, we see no reason to delay this decision,” she said. “There is a territory of people and a government. Not to recognize Palestine because of the occupation would be against the principle of international law about no fruits of aggression.”

But that move did not lead to a groundswell of Western European support for the declaration.

Instead, some countries have inched towards supporting Palestinian statehood as part of their wider advocacy for a two-state solution, but have not yet taken the step of formal recognition.

Notably, France, Belgium, Poland and Greece voted in favor of the May 10 UN General Assembly resolution that called for Palestinian membership of the UN earlier this month.

Denmark was also among the countries that voted “Yes.” But on Tuesday, as its neighbor Norway formalized its recognition, Denmark’s parliament voted down a proposal to do so, Reuters reported.

Other countries – including the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy and the Netherlands – abstained from the UN vote, which was significant but ultimately symbolic given the United States’ veto. In total, 143 votes were passed in favor of the UN resolution, 25 nations abstained and nine voted against.

German Chancellor Olaf Scholzsaid Friday that the time for a German recognition had not yet come, as there is “no clarity on the territory of the state.”

For now, it’s about achieving a long-term ceasefire,” Scholz said. “The path of symbolic recognition ofstatehoodis not the way forward.”

Eastern Europe

Officially, a number of countries that previously fell under the Soviet sphere of influence in eastern Europe recognize Palestinian statehood.

Hungary, the Czech Republic, Poland, Slovakia, Romania and Bulgaria all take that stance, Reuters reported on Tuesday.

But in eastern Europe, that recognition is often complicated, given that the order to formalize ties was given under a Soviet regime that sought to disrupt American global partnerships, such as that with Israel.

Some former Soviet-bloc countries, such as Poland, have maintained close ties with Palestinian authorities, and have visited or hosted leaders from the Palestinian Authority in Ramallah.

Others have since distanced themselves from their historical declaration of support for Palestinian statehood, such as the Czech Republic, which was one of just nine countries to vote against the UNGA resolution earlier this month. The other nations were Hungary, Argentina, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, Papua New Guinea, Israel and the United States.

Slovenia’s government will consider a proposal this week to recognize an independent Palestinian state, according to Prime Minister Robert Golob.

Golob said in a statement that “after a series of consultations over the last few days,” a government meeting on Thursday will consider forwarding “the recognition of Palestine” to the country’s legislature for approval.

CNN’s Inke Kappeler, Louis Mian, Sophie Jeong,Zahid Mahmood,Al Goodman,Niamh KennedyandSana Noor Haq contributed reporting

Spain, Ireland and Norway have recognized Palestinian statehood. Where does Europe stand on the issue? | CNN (2024)

FAQs

Does Europe recognize Palestine? ›

On May 28, two European Union (EU) members—Spain and Ireland—and non-EU Norway officially recognized a Palestinian state based on the 1949-67 borders.

Has Ireland recognised the State of Palestine? ›

The decision by Ireland, Spain and Norway to recognise Palestine as a state outraged Israel but also put pressure on other European allies to take the same course. Taoiseach (prime minister) Simon Harris explained his government's thinking in this historic step.

Does Spain recognize Palestine? ›

Following simultaneous declarations by Spain, Ireland and Norway, on May 22, 146 out of 193 United Nations (UN) member states now recognize Palestine as a state in its own right. This diplomatic decision has a geopolitical impact on international relations.

Does Norway recognise Palestine? ›

With their recognition of a Palestinian state, Spain, Ireland and Norway said they sought to accelerate efforts to secure a ceasefire in Israel's war with Hamas in Gaza. The three countries say they hope their decision will spur other European Union states to follow suit.

Which countries do not recognize Palestine as a country? ›

Among the G20, nine countries (Argentina, Brazil, China, India, Indonesia, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, and Turkey, as well as permanent invitee Spain) have recognized Palestine as a state, while ten countries (Australia, Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, South Korea, the United Kingdom, and the ...

Which European country Recognised Palestine first? ›

Thirteen out of twenty-seven EU member states recognise the State of Palestine. In 2014, Sweden became the first country to recognise Palestine while being an EU member state.

Does Mexico support Israel or Palestine? ›

History. In the vote for the United Nations Partition Plan for Palestine on 29 November 1947, Mexico was one of ten countries that abstained from voting. During multiple conflicts between Israel and Palestine, Mexico has remained neutral and has asked that both parties cease fighting and continue with the peace process ...

Why does Poland recognize Palestine? ›

Poland supports the right of the Palestinian people to self-governance and its aspirations to achieving an independent Palestinian state as a result of the Middle East peace process. Both sides maintain high level political dialogue. Parliamentary friendship groups are operating.

Does Greece support Israel or Palestine? ›

Palestinian question

President Karolos Papoulias has stated that Greece ultimately supports the creation of a Palestinian state alongside Israel. Under previous governments, Greece garnered a reputation as a staunch supporter of the Palestinian cause.

Why does Sweden Recognise Palestine? ›

In October 2014, Sweden recognised Palestinian statehood after the Social Democratic Party won a plurality in the 2014 general election. Palestinians and their supporters welcomed Sweden's decision, viewing it as a significant step towards achieving international recognition for Palestine.

Does Germany Recognise Palestine? ›

Germany does not recognize Palestine diplomatically (See: International recognition of the State of Palestine). However, Germany has a Representation Office in Ramallah, while there is also a Palestinian Mission in Berlin.

Why does Norway's recognition of a Palestinian state carry significance? ›

Scores of countries have recognized a Palestinian state, but Norway's announcement on Wednesday that it would do so carried added significance because it hosted the clandestine meetings in 1993 that led to the Oslo Accords, the framework for peace that came close to resolving the conflict between Israel and the ...

Does US recognize Palestine as a country? ›

While the U.S. does not recognize the State of Palestine, it recognizes the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as the legitimate representative entity for the Palestinian people; following the Oslo Accords, it recognized the Palestinian National Authority as the legitimate Palestinian government of the Palestinian ...

Does Mexico recognize Palestine? ›

In November 2022, the Board of Directors of the Senate of Mexico asked the Secretariat of Foreign Affairs to take steps to recognize the State of Palestine. On 1 June 2023, Palestine announced its decision to elevate its Special Delegation office in Mexico to the rank of Embassy.

Is Germany in support of Israel? ›

Germany and Israel have significant and long-standing military cooperation.

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